måndag 1 juli 2013

Paul Krugman om teknologisk arbetslöshet och basinkomst

Nobelpristagaren i ekonomi ser det som inte Anders Borg och övriga svenska politiker ser (inklusive Socialdemokraterna som vill ha mer utbildning för att hjälpa människor att ta jobb som inte finns):
Today, however, a much darker picture of the effects of technology on labor is emerging. In this picture, highly educated workers are as likely as less educated workers to find themselves displaced and devalued, and pushing for more education may create as many problems as it solves. 
I’ve noted before that the nature of rising inequality in America changed around 2000. Until then, it was all about worker versus worker; the distribution of income between labor and capital — between wages and profits, if you like — had been stable for decades. Since then, however, labor’s share of the pie has fallen sharply. As it turns out, this is not a uniquely American phenomenon. A new report from the International Labor Organization points out that the same thing has been happening in many other countries, which is what you’d expect to see if global technological trends were turning against workers.
Education, then, is no longer the answer to rising inequality, if it ever was (which I doubt). So what is the answer? If the picture I’ve drawn is at all right, the only way we could have anything resembling a middle-class society — a society in which ordinary citizens have a reasonable assurance of maintaining a decent life as long as they work hard and play by the rules — would be by having a strong social safety net, one that guarantees not just health care but a minimum income, too.  
And with an ever-rising share of income going to capital rather than labor, that safety net would have to be paid for to an important extent via taxes on profits and/or investment income.

Och när ska svenska medier släppa sina skygglappar och börja diskutera frågan om teknologisk arbetslöshet? Krugmans artikel har i skrivande stund över 1200 kommentarer så det finns uppenbarligen allmänt intresse.